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Get Well with At Home Partners, LLC

Helping your body and your home work better for you. 

  • Writer's pictureDebbie Gentry

Four Types of Exercise

Exercise is crucial for all of us, including seniors to maintain good physical health, cognitive function, and emotional well-being. There are various types of exercises that are particularly beneficial for seniors, each offering unique advantages. Do you know what they are?  
There are four types of exercise that are especially beneficial for older adults: aerobic exercise, strength training, flexibility exercises, and balance exercises. 
Aerobic Exercise 
Aerobic exercise, also known as cardiovascular exercise, is essential, as it helps improve heart health, lung function, and overall endurance. Examples of aerobic exercises include walking, swimming, cycling, and dancing. These activities help seniors maintain a healthy weight, reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes, and improve mood and mental health. For example, a study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine found that regular aerobic exercise can help improve cognitive function in older adults. 
Strength Training 
Strength training is another important type of exercise for all adults, and it has additional benefits for seniors, as it helps maintain muscle mass, bone density, and overall strength. Examples of strength training exercises include lifting weights, using resistance bands, and bodyweight exercises such as squats and push-ups. By incorporating strength training, seniors can reduce the risk of falls, improve balance and coordination, and boost metabolism. Research published in the Journal of Gerontology has shown that strength training can help improve functional abilities and quality of life in older adults. 
Flexibility Exercises 
Flexibility exercises are essential for seniors to maintain joint mobility, prevent stiffness, and reduce the risk of injuries. Examples of flexibility exercises include stretching, yoga, and tai chi. These activities help seniors improve posture, reduce muscle tension, and enhance range of motion. A study published in the Journal of Aging and Physical Activity found that regular flexibility exercises can help improve balance and reduce the risk of falls in older adults. 
Balance Exercises 
Balance exercises are crucial for seniors to prevent falls, maintain independence, and improve stability. Examples of balance exercises include standing on one leg, heel-to-toe walking, and practicing yoga poses that challenge one's balance. By incorporating balance exercises in one's weekly routine, seniors can improve coordination, reaction time, and proprioception. Research published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society has shown that balance exercises can help reduce the risk of falls and improve overall physical function in older adults. 
Seniors (and all adults) can benefit greatly from incorporating a variety of exercises into their routine, including aerobic exercise, strength training, flexibility exercises, and balance exercises. Each type of exercise offers unique advantages that can help older adults maintain good physical health, cognitive function, and emotional well-being. By engaging in a well-rounded exercise program that includes all four types of exercises, seniors can stay active, independent, and healthy well into their golden years.
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